Historical review

Plywood production took place already in ancient Egypt where wooden products were made using sawn veneers. The thin sheets of veneer, which were of high quality were glued over a substrate of lower quality. This process was common due to the lack of fine woods and the high quality veneer sheets gave the wood a nice appearance.

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During the 18th and 19th centuries, furniture manufacturers in England used veneers for production of the highest quality furniture.  Immanuel Nobel invented the modern technique of rotary cut veneer and the first production equipment was constructed in the USA during the 19th century. “Plywood has been one of the most ubiquitous building products for decades.” In the beginning of the 19th century, Thomas J. Autzen was the owner of Portland Manufacturing Company, USA, which was the first plywood production facility. He contributed to the development of the plywood production by reducing the drying and manufacturing process. Thanks to his findings, the new technology had an important role of “making plywood one of the most abundant and affordable building products ever produced”.